The tendency of brain tumor diseases in the world and the Republic of Uzbekistan
Keywords:brain tumors (BTs), oncoepidemiology, Republic of Uzbekistan, morbidity, mortality.
According to GLOBOCAN for 2020, brain tumors (BTs) are the thirteenth in the list of most fatal cancers and twenty-first in the number of newly diagnosed Cancer cases in the world. The incidence of BTs is steadily increasing both worldwide and in the Republic of Uzbekistan. Thus, in 2020, in Uzbekistan, the BTs ranked 5th in the structure of general oncological morbidity and 4th among men and 6th among women. The purpose of the study: to conduct an oncoepidemiological assessment of global trends in brain tumors and the incidence of BTs in the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2019-2020. Global trends in morbidity and mortality from BTs show differences depending on territories and the level of economic development. The presence of features depending on gender was revealed: BTs occur more often in men, the ratio of diseased men and women is 1.1:0.9. The study of the oncoepidemiological situation of BTs in the Republic of Uzbekistan has shown that the incidence of BTs tends to increase. This determines the need for further studies of territorial differences and the search for factors of the occurrence of BTs.
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